- Launched the AI Strategy Summit composed of representatives from the public and private sectors -
- Systematic and effective government investment directions for AI to be set in connection with the Digital New Deal -
- Measures to facilitate hyper-scale AI ecosystem through public and private partnership to be discussed -
□ The Korean government hosted the AI Strategy Summit where the public and private sectors gather together to share their investment visions for AI. Efforts are already under way to seek ways of strategic cooperation to lead the AI and data economy.
□ The Ministry of Science and ICT (Minister Lim Hyesook; MSIT) held the first “AI Strategy Summit” on September 7 (Tuesday) at COEX Convention and Exhibition Center, Seoul.
ㅇ The “AI Strategy Summit,” held this year for the very first time, gathered CEOs of major AI-related companies and representatives from academia and research institutes to discuss ways to take Korea’s global AI competitiveness to the next level and the role of public-private cooperation to enhance the country’s investment efficiency on AI.
< Participants of the First AI Strategy Summit >
Yeo Minsoo, CEO of Kakao Corp.; Koo Hyun-mo, CEO of KT Corporation; Hwang Hyeon Sik, CEO of LGU+; Han Seong-sook, CEO of Naver; Park Jung Ho, CEO of SKT, Daniel Dongyuel Lee, Head of the Global AI Center of Samsung Electronics
Lee Seong-Whan, President of the Artificial Intelligence Graduate School Council (also Korea University Professor and AI Innovation Hub Principal Investigator)
Lim Hyesook, Minister of Science and ICT; Yoo Sung-roh, Chairperson of the Presidential Committee on the Fourth Industrial Revolution; Park Sukyung, Science and Technology Advisor to the President
□ Artificial intelligence spurs fundamental innovation across all sectors of the economy and society, and is an essential and versatile technology that will be a decisive factor in securing global leadership in economy and security. Advanced countries and leading tech companies are continuously expanding their investments to get an upper hand in AI technology.
ㅇ Korea announced the National Strategy for AI in December 2019 to advance its AI technologies and to expand their use. An investment of 1.807 trillion won will be invested in the Data dam project, which is one of the key elements of the Digital New Deal initiative, under implementation since July 2020.
- A preliminary feasibility study will be completed this year on R&D projects* to develop AI that is smarter, trustworthy, and has universal usability by overcoming the current technological limitations so as to achieve dominance in the next-generation AI market. From next year, a total budget of 301.8 billion won will be invested in the R&D projects over the next five years.
ㅇ To harness the advancement of AI technology, many Korean companies are also making aggressive investments in developing key technologies and services, developing AI semiconductor technology, establishing data centers, and promoting industry-academia cooperation.
< Major Companies’ AI Investments >
‧ Nurture AI talent and Establish infrastructure such as data centers
- Support AI researchers with data and infrastructure, operate research support programs (e.g. research scholarship), build a hyperscale data center (120,000 servers) by 2023
‧ Invest in future industries such as ABC (AI/Big Data/Cloud) and Expand AI to diverse industries
- Develop hyperscale AI, buld KAIST joint research center, collaborate with AI One Team, a voluntary industry-academia-research instutes body on AI, expand business to areas such as AI robots and AICC, steady investment in nurturing AI talent
‧ Maximize the use of AI as an enabler of digital transition
- Develop hyperscale AI equipped with expert-level intelligence, promote the use of AI in work that need expertise and creativity such as customer service, new material discovery and creating design samples
‧ Carry out HyperCLOVA Project and Secure global-level AI technologies
- Develop and commercialize hyperscale AI, use the hyperscale AI to undertake AI transformation, secure technology through medium- to long-term precedent research (publish the largest number of papers in Korea), strengthen industry-academia cooperation (Seoul National University, KAIST, etc.)
‧ Evolve into an AI Company and Producing social value through AI technology
- Develop core technologies for visual, linguistic and voice sectors, commercialize AI semiconductor (SAPEON X220), provide AI-based social services such as NUGU Care Call, AI caregiving, Voice View, and Safecaster
‧ Promote “Human-centered AI” to produce new experience and values
- Integrate smart technologies into all products, carry out precedent research for core AI technologies, such as overcome the limitations of On device AI‧data, secure AI technologies and AI talent through the seven global AI centers
ㅇ However, compared to major countries in AI such as the United States and China, Korea lacks data, computing resources and talent. In order to address this situation and to raise its status in the field of AI, Korea needs strategic public-private cooperation.
□ The first step of such cooperation is the AI Strategy Summit. At the first AI Strategy Summit, the composition of the summit and the operation measures to discuss continuous public-private communication and cooperation were introduced, and a discussion on hyperscale AI, which is emerging as a new paradigm of AI technology, was held.
□ The AI Strategy Summit is a public-private cooperation channel in the field of AI that serves as a venue for sharing the private sector’s vision for AI investment and the government’s direction for investment, as well as discussing strategic cooperation measures to boost the AI and data economy.
ㅇ It is composed of representatives from academia and research institutes in the field of AI, with major companies leading the AI ecosystem at the core. It will be held on a regular basis biannually.
□ The discussion will be on all areas related to AI, with topics ranging from △utilizing infrastructure (AI semiconductor, cloud, etc.) to △nurturing talent (linking private and public talent nurturing programs) to △promoting services (digital healthcare, robots, mobility, etc.).
ㅇ The representatives from the public and private sectors will share their respective investment visions and receive comments and feedback to seek measures for strategic public-private cooperation.
□ The first discussion topic was “How to promote hyperscale AI ecosystem through public-private cooperation.”
ㅇ Hyperscale AI uses large-volume data and supercomputing infrastructure to expand the scale of AI to billions and trillions of variables. One of its first kinds is the Generative Pre-trained Transformer-3 (GPT-3), launched by the US company OpenAI.
- With hyperscale AI, the performance and versatility of AI have improved rapidly. Major Korean companies are carrying out large-scale investments to build hyperscale AI models to become leaders in AI technology.
ㅇ In line with the companies’s investment efforts, the summit discussed the direction of public-private cooperation, including △expanding the use of hyperscale AI, △industry-academia-research institute joint research to secure leadership in hyperscale AI technology, and △improve the system in relation to hyperscale AI, to advance the performance of hyperscale AI and identify new candidates to create a new opportunity for the growth of Korea’s AI ecosystem and secure Korea’s leadership in the competition for hyperscale AI technology.
1. Support the expanded use of hyperscale AI
□ First, to promote the hyperscale AI ecosystem in advance, a measure to support the expanded use of hyperscale AI by providing SMEs and startups with opportunities to use hyperscale AI built by major companies was discussed.
ㅇ Although major companies are building their own hyperscale AI models, there are limits to discovering diverse services using these AI models on their own, while SMEs and startups cannot build their own hyperscale AI due to large investment costs but can develop innovative services based on diverse ideas.
□ To this end, the companies that have developed hyperscale AI provided services (API etc.) for SMEs and startups to utilize hyperscale AI.
ㅇ The government will provide necessary computing resources required in implementing the Digital New Deal, in order for SMEs and startups to utilize hyperscale AI. In addition, the possibilities for public-sector application will be reviewed to provide opportunities for early-stage demonstration of emerging services that have used hyperscale AI.
ㅇ To ensure diverse data required for developing and improving hyperscale AI service to be accumulated and used through the “data dam project,” the public and private sectors will review the process and provide support.
2. Industry-academia-research institute collaboration to take lead in developing hyperscale AI
□ Next, discussions followed regarding industry, academia and research institute collaboration to overcome technical limitations of hyperscale AI and identify candidates for new kinds of hyperscale AI. This is to ensure Korea to take initiative in developing hyperscale AI.
ㅇ Major companies are promoting research collaboration through measures such as research collaboration among industry, academia and research institute, other than conducting research by themselves. However, there are limits to cooperating in regard to conducting additional research, as there is a shortage of researchers experienced in hyperscale AI research from academia and research circles. Support from the government is necessary with respect to sophisticated and challenging research areas such as identifying emerging hyperscale AI field.
□ To this end, the government will carry out R&D projects to identify emerging hyperscale AI candidates. Follow-up study required for advancing hyperscale AI performance will be conducted, based on the government project to be implemented, as part of the Digital New Deal initiative. This will enable academia and research circles to have abundant research experiences in relevant fields.
ㅇ Companies will take account of R&D demand in hyperscale AI by planning and participating in R&D projects. Based on R&D outcomes from academia and research circles, large-scale data and computing resources held by companies will be utilized and expanded into emerging hyperscale AI.
□ In addition, based on AI collaboration among industry, academia, and research institutes and their innovation, AI Innovation Hub was selected last July and is ready for launch. This will contribute to developing world-class AI technologies.
ㅇ The AI Innovation Hub, which has a pool of outstanding researchers from Korea in the field of AI, will play a pivotal role as the industry-academia-research institute hub for hyperscale AI.
3. Improve system in relation to hyperscale AI
□ Finally, there have been discussions on how to improve the system for advancing hyperscale AI and using its outcomes.
ㅇ Hyperscale AI requires large amount of data and can create value. Therefore, reforming legislation such as the Copyright Act, the Patent Act, and the Personal Information Protection Act is required to mitigate intellectual property issues regarding data use and outcomes. In addition, a regulatory sandbox should be deployed for early demonstration of relevant services before reframing legislation.
□ To address the issues, companies proposed the requirements for special regulations to demonstrate hyperscale AI services and suggested ways for their application. Based on the proposals, the public and private sectors pledged to review how to use the regulatory sandbox system in relation to hyperscale AI.
ㅇ In addition, the government will actively review the suggestions for making improvements and consult with relevant ministries. According to the roadmap to improve AI legislation, efforts will be made to improve AI-related system.
□ Minister Lim Hyesook said, “It was a meaningful venue for public and private sectors to share AI investment strategies for improving AI global competitiveness of Korea and discuss ways for promoting collaboration to facilitate hyperscale AI ecosystem, which is a state-of-the-art AI technology. The public and private sectors will work together for Korea’s competitive edge in AI to take a leap forward. The Korean government will spare no effort in carrying out such policy.”
For further information, please contact Deputy Director Park Seok-chun (E-mail : firstname.lastname@example.org) of the Ministry of Science and ICT.