Create tangible outcomes in space science as a follow-up measure of the ROK-U.S. Summit
□ The Ministry of Science and ICT (MSIT Minister Lim Hyesook) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration of the U.S. (NASA; Administrator Bill Nelson) announced the Republic of Korea signed the Artemis Accords.
□ The U.S. has carried out the Artemis Program, a manned lunar exploration program to send astronauts to the Moon, after 50 years since the Apollo Program in the 1970s.
ㅇIt also established the Artemis Accords which serve as principles for enhancing international collaboration to this end.
ㅇThe Artemis Accords have established a practical set of principles to guide participating nations in the exploration and use of the Moon, Mars, comets and asteroids for peaceful purposes.
① Peaceful purposes ② Transparency ③ Interoperability ④ Emergency assistance ⑤ Registration of space objects ⑥ Release of scientific data ⑦ Preserving outer space heritage ⑧ Space resources ⑨ Deconfliction of space activities ⑩ Orbital debris etc.
ㅇ In October 2020, Heads of space agencies and Ministers from seven countries and the U.S. NASA signed the Artemis Accords.
ㅇ In November 2020, Ukraine joined the list of nations to sign Artemis Accords, which makes nine countries participating as signatories to these Accords as of now.
* U.S., Japan, UK, Italy, Australia, Canada, Luxembourg, UAE, Ukraine
□ MSIT and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs have endeavored to submit Korea’s signature to the U.S. for addition to the Artemis Accords.
ㅇ Thanks to the ROK-U.S. Summit, both countries could reach a consensus on Korea becoming a signatory to these Accords.
ㅇ Minister Lim Hyesook of Science and ICT signed the Artemis Accords on behalf of the Republic of Korea, as a follow-up measure of the ROK-U.S. Summit.
ㅇ NASA Administrator Bill Nelson of the U.S. delivered virtual congratulatory remarks and sent it to Korea and the remarks has been released to the public today, based on mutual agreement between both countries.
ㅇ With the signing of the Artemis Accords, Korea became the tenth signatory to the Accords as well as the first nation to sign the Accords under the Biden administration.
□ The ROK-U.S. collaboration in space science will be further promoted based on the signing of the Artemis Accords and Korea would be able to take part in not only the Artemis program but also various follow-up space exploration programs.
ㅇ Korea is working with NASA in developing the Korea Pathfinder Lunar Orbiter (KPLO) to be launched in August next year.
ㅇ The KPLO will be equipped with NASA’s ShadowCam and contribute to the Artemis program.
* KPLO : Korea Pathfinder Lunar Orbiter
** NASA’s ShadowCam will take photographs of the shades in the polar regions of the Moon to explore the potential landing site of the Artemis Mission.
ㅇ In addition, Korea is participating in the Commercial Lunar Payload Service (CLPS) program, which aims to develop scientific payload for observing the surface of the Moon and deploy it on commercial lunar lander of the U.S..
* Commercial Lunar Payload Service; plans to deploy KASI’s scientific payload
ㅇ The ROK-U.S. collaboration in space science will be enhanced with the signing of the Artemis Accords.
ㅇ As a result, this will contribute to expanding the scope of projects under the Artemis program where Korea can participate in and more researchers in space science would be able to take part in international joint research.
□ Minister Lim Hyesook of Science and ICT said, “For successful space exploration, it is critical to implement space development activities transparently and responsibly by collaborating with the international community. With the signing of the Artemis Accords, Korea would be able to strengthen cooperation with nations participating in the Accords in exploring the outer space."
For further information, please contact Secretary Kim Tae Gyu(E-mail :firstname.lastname@example.org)