▷ Korea and Sweden to strengthen ICT cooperation (June 17)
- Plan to establish science and technology cooperation center in Northern Europe
- Multi-faceted cooperation to respond to climate change including fine dust issues
□ The MSIT plans to establish a science and technology cooperation center in Stockholm, Sweden and to build a framework for science and technology cooperation with Nordic countries including Sweden.
ㅇ As science and technology cooperation between Korea and Nordic countries has expanded recently, the Korean government will provide work and meeting spaces for Korean government-funded research institutes and major universities, look into strong technologies of Nordic countries, find and plan new cooperation projects, hold academic seminars and promote scientist exchanges, plan projects with innovation clusters in Northern Europe, and support global expansion and technology commercialization of Korean companies.
□ The Korean Academy of Science and Technology and the Nobel Foundation agreed to hold the Nobel Prize Dialogue” in March 2020 and to facilitate exchanges between scientists.
ㅇ The Nobel Prize Dialogue is an event held during the week of the Nobel Prize Award Ceremony on the sidelines of the Nobel Prize Dialogue. It is a forum of open discussions among distinguished scholars including Nobel Laureates and the audience.
□ The two sides will also pursue international cooperation to tackle fine dust pollution.
ㅇ Korea’s Green Technology Center and Stockholm Environment Institute signed an MOU on June 14 and will carry out global joint research on climate technologies and scholar exchanges.
- Sweden scientifically proved the causal relationship between its deforestation and
lake acidification that occurred from the late 1950s due to air pollutants flown from neighboring countries, and addressed air pollution by signing agreements with neighboring countries.
<Cases of successful handling of Northern Europe’s air pollution>
o Acid rain was a severe problem in Northern Europe in the 1960s and the 1970s due to air pollution started in the UK and Germany.
o In 1972, the OECD led joint monitoring involving 11 countries to track air pollutants flying long distances.
o Based on this research, the countries laid out specific cooperation plans and signed the Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP) in 1979, reducing the amount of air pollutants.
o The CLRTAP expanded its scope on a gradual basis in 2012 to include ultra-fine dust for monitoring.
ㅇ The Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST) also agreed to conduct joint research on the impact of fine dust exposure on human cells with Sweden’s SciLifeLab.
- KIST will investigate the mechanism of cell damage and disease caused by fine dust and will prepare data to minimize damage.
□ Also, Korea’s Green Technology Center agreed to design and operate the ODA program to respond to climate change targeting countries related to the New Southern Policy together with the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA).